What is Free Will?
According to the writers of coursework writing service, The ability of a person to choose between different courses of action is known as free will. There is a close link of the free will with the concepts of sin and praise. Free will is compatible with the concepts of the determinism. Lots of compatibilists think that determinism is necessary for the free will. Its reason is that sometimes, a person gives preference for one choice over the other. Under such situation, determinism is helpful for us to provide an idea of how these choices will turn out.
Detail examination of the positions of free will
Detailed examination of the positions of free will is explained below;
Determinism is divided into three categories. These three categories of free will can become a cause of three different problems for free will. According to hard determinism, free will doesn’t exist because determinism is compatible with the free will.
- The first category of hard determinism is known as causal determinism. According to causal determinism, there require some prior conditions for each happening in this world.
- The second category is known as logical determinism. According to this category, the past, as well as future events, can either be true or false.
- The third category is known as technological determinism. According to this category, all the outcomes are determined in advance.
All of these categories show that all the outcomes are determined in advance. Now, the problem for the free will is that if all of these outcomes are determined in advance, how our actions are free.
According to this concept, one can easily take one or more than one courses just by following some essential circumstances. That’s why the concept of Metaphysical libertarianism is divided into non-physical and physical theories. According to non-physical theories, free will doesn’t require any actions. On the other hand, according to the physical theories, there require some agents for free wills.
The concept of Hard incompatibilism was given by Derk Pereboom. According to his concept, free will doesn’t exist either you are following determinism or not. He also denied the concept of determinism. According to his concept, determinism is irrelevant and a person has the ability to make his own decision. Moreover, a person can also postpone his decision.
It is also a form of determinism and according to this concept, all the events occur in a pre-ordained way. There are two forms of theoretical determinism. First is known as strong determinism and the second is known as weak determinism. According to strong determinism, all the events happen in a predestined way. On the other hand, according to weak determinism, all the events are happened by the will of God.
The main idea of the free will is relevant to the mind-body problem because there is a solid relationship between the mind and body. All the philosophers have divided the mind-body problems into two categories. First is known as physical exposition and the second is known as non-physical exposition.
What is determinism?
Determinism is an essential philosophical belief. According to this belief, all the events occur on the basis of the previously existing causes. Over time, we can observe some overlapping motives and considerations regarding determinism. Mostly, determinism is known as casual determinism. According to Physics, this concept is completely described with the help of the causes and effects. In other words, if you are going to explain any event, you will have to provide all the possible causes and effects of this event. There are lots of varieties of determinism. These varieties are explained below;
- First is known as casual determinism. According to this concept, some causes and effects are required to describe any event.
- Nomo logical determinism requires some past and future events for the complete description.
- The third is known as predetermines. According to this concept, all the events are determined in advance.
- Fourth is known as fatalism. According to fatalism, we don’t have any control over our lives because Fate has arbitrary power.
- The fifth is known as logical determinism. According to logical determinism, there are some past as well as some future events that have some connection with our present events.
The ability of a person to choose a specific course from various courses is known as free will. There are lots of positions of the free will. Some of them are hard determinism, Metaphysical libertarianism, Hard incompatibilism, theological determinism and the mind-body problem. On the other hand, determinism is a philosophical thought and according to this thought, all the events occur on the basis of the previously occurred events. Determinism is divided into different forms. The main forms of determinism are casual determinism, mono logical determinism, fatalism and logical determinism.